Under this category in our online home and garden catalog, you will find assorted varieties of seeds of a favorite leafy vegetable that has become a staple of our table. In this section, we will talk about Lettuce - a valuable vegetable food and one of the most famous types of salads in our country.
Lettuce is an annual herbaceous plant, part of the Compositae family. The leaf vegetable is characterized by easy cultivation and intensive growth. It is accepted that lettuce has been known to mankind since many thousands of years ago, namely since Antiquity. There are interesting legends associated with this vegetable. Some say that in Ancient Rome, white lettuce was directly related to the potency of men because it was accepted as a sacred plant of the god of fertility - the god Min. In Ancient Greece, they accepted the vegetable in the opposite way - they associated it with male impotence and offered it at funerals.
However, the homeland of lettuce is considered to be the Mediterranean, from where it began its spread, which nowadays is all over the world.
Lettuce is characterized by large leaves colored in various shades of green. Their shape can vary, depending on the variety, from rounded leaves, like those of icebergs, to elongated and elliptical, like the leaves of romaine. Their common characteristic is the crunchy texture and high nutritional values.
The crisp leaf culture is provided with a rich set of vitamins and minerals, which have many beneficial effects on the body and make lettuce an extremely valuable vegetable food.
It contains vitamins A, C, K, and vitamin B6, and minerals - magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, and sodium. It has important folic acid as well as the powerful antioxidant beta carotene.
Lettuce has been proven to have a great antioxidant and analgesic effect. It is believed that its consumption can calm (help) with tension and nervousness and stimulate better sleep. Other important properties it possesses are diuretic and anti-inflammatory.
Because of its high iron content, lettuce is considered a suitable food for people who suffer from anemia, because the mineral is an important element that has been proven to be involved in the treatment of the given disease.
With the presence of beta carotene in its content, the leafy vegetable is considered one of the foods that serve as a prevention against various types of cancer.
Like other green leafy vegetables, lettuce is also extremely low in calories and an excellent dietary choice. In 100 calories of the vegetable, there are only 15 calories, of which only 0.15 grams of fat.
Lettuce has a wide culinary application, and the leaves, seeds, and stems are mainly used. Oil is extracted from the seeds, and the leaves and stems are used to make salads. The edible leafy culture is excellently combined with eggs, meat, cheese, tomatoes, and cucumbers. Lettuce is the main ingredient in many famous salads, such as the popular Caesar salad and the Easter green salad, which is composed of lettuce, radishes, green onions, cucumbers, eggs, and olives. Olive oil, salt, and vinegar are added for dressing.
The popular type of lettuce, such as lettuce, is a relatively undemanding crop to grow. Lettuce forms a leaf rosette and a head. It is while forming a head that the leafy vegetable has a high resistance to colder temperatures. To form its heads, lettuce needs sunlight and moderate humidity.
The successful formula for growing leafy crops is a substrate rich in organic matter and nutrients, on loose clay-sandy soils, lettuce grows and develops excellently, and temperatures around 15-20°C.