The Semenata org online catalog for the garden and home presents to its customers a category in which some of the leading varieties of alfalfa seeds available on the Bulgarian market will be presented.
Alfalfa is among the most important fodder crops in the country, for this reason every large and small producer needs quality seed material. In this part of the garden online center, we will present seeds with guaranteed origin and reasonable prices with delivery options in Asenovgrad, Sofia, Sandanski, Bansko, Razlog, Haskovo, Dimitrovgrad, Plovdiv, Varna, Dobrich, Shumen, Veliko Tarnovo, Yambol, etc. large and small settlements in Bulgaria.
When is the best time to sow alfalfa seed?
Alfalfa seed is generally sown in the spring (March-May) or in the summer-autumn period (late August – September), although it is practically possible to sow from March to September. You should know that in order for the seeds to develop normally, they need an average daily air temperature of about 10 degrees and moderate moisture.
It is good to take into account the peculiarities of the year, because in a wetter and colder spring there is a risk of late spring frosts. Frosts and excessive moisture can make it difficult for young alfalfa to develop - some of the seed or sprouts can rot or be partially damaged, or even completely freeze (from frost). Due to the lack of sufficient light in the spring, the alfalfa root system does not have the opportunity to thicken well enough, which slows down its development.
Frost also poses a risk to already germinated and developed plants. A late spring frost can kill the top of the plant, which slows down the development of the leaf mass and branching of the alfalfa. Young alfalfa yields higher resistance to low temperatures when it produces three pairs of trefoils.
The peculiarities of the weather should be taken into account, especially in areas with a higher altitude or places with microclimatic features - along rivers, dams, hollows, etc. places where frost often occurs.
With late sowing, there is a risk of drought and high temperatures. In the absence of moisture, the seed does not have the opportunity to germinate, this can lead to a delay in development, which with more rain in the following seasons is usually compensated and the alfalfa catches up with its growth.
Alfalfa precursor requirements.
It is good when sowing the seeds of alfalfa, regardless of the variety, that there has not been a legume crop grown in the last five years. After growing alfalfa in a given place, it is appropriate to grow field crops - sunflower, wheat, corn, etc.
Very good results are reported when alfalfa is grown on farmland where vegetables (tomatoes, cucumbers, pepper), corn, different varieties of fodder beet, sugar beet, potatoes, etc. were previously grown.
What are alfalfa soil and soil conditions requirements?
This is a question that is often asked by customers of Semenata bg online store. In general, alfalfa does not have a particular requirement for soil conditions. You can successfully grow it on different types of substrates, the condition being that they are deep and not very compact or stony, so that the root system of the plant can develop normally. It is good for the acidity of the substrates to be neutral.
However, the best results are obtained when grown in deep and fertile soils where the groundwater is at least two meters deep.
How to prepare the soil for sowing varietal quality alfalfa seeds?
Keep in mind that your alfalfa will be grown in this place for several years, for this reason, it is good to do deep tillage to allow the root system to develop normally and in-depth.
It is important to clean the soil of perennial weeds, it is good to be well loosened before sowing, so as not to hinder the growth of young alfalfa.
If you decided on spring sowing of alfalfa seeds, it is good to do deep plowing the previous year in autumn. Plow the site with a suitable machine to a depth of 24 to 28 cm. In the spring, before sowing the seed, do one or two harrowing and rolling with an articulated roller.
If you decided to sow at the end of summer and the beginning of autumn, it is good to plow in advance to a shallower depth - about 20 cm and disc one-two time, then roll again with an articulated roller.
Alfalfa seeds are sown shallowly at about 2-2.5 cm, with the norm being 2 to 4 kilograms of seed per hectare of agricultural area. If you have a specialized precision seeder for alfalfa and different types of crops, you can use about 2 - 2.5 kg of seed per hectare, and with manual sowing, it is good to increase the rate to about 3 - 4 kg per hectare.
Alfalfa seeds are very small, and for this reason it is recommended that if you sow by hand, you mix the seed with sifted sand, and it is good to put in a ratio of 3:1 - 3 parts sand and one part alfalfa seeds. For more precise sowing but it is good conditionally to divide the area into smaller parts and dose the seed according to them.
Mandatory after sowing, the area needs to be weeded, and it is good to take into account the soil characteristics and moisture. Do not ski after rain!
Peculiarities in fertilizing Alfalfa
It is very important to keep in mind that alfalfa does not tolerate fertilization with manure, regardless of whether it is rotten, for this reason it is good to fertilize with mineral fertilizers.
This crop needs fertilizing with phosphorus fertilizers, as well as fertilizing with the trace element molybdenum. Molybdenum participates as a stimulator of alfalfa tuber bacteria, through it you can significantly increase the accumulation of carotene and proteins in the leaf mass, as well as seriously stimulate the development of the root system.
In this part of the Semenata org garden catalog, we will present some of the high-yielding alfalfa varieties that you can grow in Pleven, Gorna Oryahovitsa, and Zlatitsa, Pirdop, Ruse, Razgrad, Polski Trumbesh, Vratsa, etc. small and large villages and towns in our country.
We will present to you Bulgarian alfalfa seeds Prista 3, Pleven, Prista 5, Roli, Victoria, Danube, Prista 4, Multileaf 1 and many others.
In this specialized alfalfa seed category, you will also find imported varieties such as the famous Gea (Gea, Gea, Geia, GEA) from Italy, varieties from France, America, Poland, the Netherlands (Holland), China, Germany, etc.
All seeds are of guaranteed origin and can be delivered at reasonable prices with courier companies throughout Bulgaria.